Türkçe İngilizce
Muhammad Umar Chapra

Muhammad Umar Chapra

He has lectured widely at a number of universities and professional institutes in different countries around the world, including the Harvard Law School, Loughborough University, UK, the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies, LSE etc.

Makale

‘The Nature of Riba’ (Interest)

Monetary and Financial Theory and Institutions

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1989

Makale

Mechanics and Operations of an Islamic Financial Market

Raises four questions and tries to answer them: (a) What are the differences between an Islamic and a conventional securities market?; (b) What will be the impact of these differences on the developmentof a primary as" well as a secondary financial -market?; (c) What is the Islamic basis for creating a treasury bills market and an inter-bank market?; (d) How to create a ‘sane’ securities market? For economists and bankers. Undocumented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1988

Makale

Economic Development in Muslim Countries: A Strategy for Development in the Light of Islamic Teachings

Paper presented to the Seminar on Islamic Economics held in Cairo from 6-9 September 1988 under the auspices of I.I.I.T., Washington, and University of al-Azhar. Argues that the Muslim countries have tried development models of capitalism and socialism with little success. They should Islamise their economies. They should introduce the dual incentives of price mechanism and moral uplift.They should also introduce major structural changes through public policies. The financial system needs to be based on profit-loss sharing rather than interest. A scholarly paper based on primary sources. For economists. Documented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra Büyüme/Kalkınma/Refah 1988

Makale

Towards an Islamic Financial System

Monetary and Financial Theory and Institutions

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1988

Makale

Towards an Islamic Financial System

Monetary and Financial Theory and Institutions

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1988

Diğer

Comments on Monzer Kahfs 'Towards A Theory of Taxation

Presented to the International Serninar on Fiscal Policy and Development Planning organised by I.I.I.E. at Islamabad in July 1986. Kahf's paper is theoretical. The scope for increasing non-fax revenue in Muslim countries is not great. An expanded public sector is prone to inefficiency and corruption Kahf does not discuss the question of justice in the tax system. Descriptive. For Muslim economists. Undocumented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra İslam Hukuku/Fıkıh 1986

Makale

Islamisation of Banking in Pakistan: After the First Step - Forward or Backward?

For successful Islamisation of banking the following further steps are needed: reduction in wasteful spending, increased equity financing, write-off of bad-debts, equitable distribution of credit through a credit guarantee scheme and growth of non-bank financial intermediaries. Written in layman’s language for general readers.

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1986

Makale

The Role of the Stock Exchange in an Islamic Economy

A critical note on M.M. Metawally’s paper (JRIE, 2:1, 1984). Criticises the paper for ignoring considerations of equity. Proposes that the stock market should be reformed by banning future sales, prescribing a 100% margin, insisting on full disclosure, and curbing other unfair trading practices. Descriptive. For economists. Based on primary sources. Documented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1985

Makale

The Prohibition of Riba in Islam: An Evaluation of Some Objections

Reviews objections raised on the prohibition of riba by economists. The Islamic system of profit-sharing brings greater efficiency in resource allocation than interest. Sub stitution of interest by profit-sharing would not affect the level of savings adversely. It may help increase the level of capital formation. In a wholly equity-based economy, the economic system would be more stable than the one based on interest, because of the highly erratic behaviour of interest. By turning sources into entrepreneurs and by placing a high premium on hard work, the Islamic system is conducive to high growth. Analytical. For professional economists. Based on primary sources. Documented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra İktisadi Düşünce 1985

Kitap

Towards a Just Monetary System

Synthesises monetary economics of Islam. Discusses the objectives and strategy of the Islamic monetary framework. Explains the rationale of abolition of ribd and various alternatives. Proposes an institutional set up: central bank, commercial bank, non-bank financial institutions, deposit insurance corporation, investment audit corporation and stock exchanges. Lays down a strategy for transition to an Islamic economic system. Contains two appendices consisting of extracts from primary sources and discussion on shirka, mudaraba and joint stock corporation. Also contains a glossary of terms. A scholarly work based on primary sources. Analytical. Documented. For economists.

Muhammad Umar Chapra İktisadi Düşünce 1985

Makale

The Role of the Stock Exchange in an Islamic Economy

Monetary and Financial Theory and Institutions

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1985

Kitap

Towards a Just Monetary System

Monetary and Financial Theory and Institutions

Muhammad Umar Chapra Finans 1985

Makale

The Economic Problem of Man and Islam

Keynote address at the 20th annual convention of MSA, Bloomington, Indiana (May 1982). A general and broad statement about economic philosophy of capitalism. Briefly explains Islamic answers to: What to produce? How to produce? And for whom to produce? For general readers. Based on primary sources. Documented.

Muhammad Umar Chapra İktisadi Düşünce 1984