Muhammad Abdul Mannan

Muhammad Abdul Mannan

62 Adet Eser

Effects of Zakat Assessment and Collection on the Redistribution of Income

Paper presented at the Seminar on Management or Zakah in a Modern Muslim Society held at Karachi during April—May 1985 organised by Central Zakah Administration of Pakistan. Raises certain issues relating to nisab, collection and distribution of zakah. The distribution of zakah should be planned in such a manner that those with a higher existing income get less as compared to others. Zakah may be distributed in kind if the probable effect of cash distribution is negative. Lays down five conditions for attaining efficiency in collection and redistribution of zakah. A formal treatment of simple and common sense issues. Meant for Muslim economists. Based on primary and secondary sources. Documented.

Islam and the New International Economic Order

Paper presented to the International Seminar on Islamic Economics for University Teachers organised by I.I.I.E. in August—Septernber 1987. There is an acute need for the establishment of a new economic order for the Muslim umma. This can be achieved by socio-economic banking and ‘humanising’ the lines of production, distribution and consumption. Also needed is institutionalisation of the distributive tools of Islam and an increased level of cooperation among Muslim countries. Descriptive. For economists. Undocumented.

The Institution of Waqf: Its Religious and Socio-Economic Roles and Implications

Discusses eight rules of the Sharfa relating to waqf. Describes the historical role of waqƒ in promoting ideology and education. Identifies three issues which need discussion. Some of the Contemporary implications of waqf are: waqƒ can be used as a process of institutionalisation of social and moral values of Islam: waqf properties need to be accounted for in Muslim societies; efficiency conditions for waqf should be laid down. For economists. Based on primary sources. Documented.

The Socio-economic Limits of Individual-Society-State Relationship in Islamic Economics

Presents an integrated model of the Islamic social framework. It is based onthe following criteria: (a) equilibrium between work and worship; (b) human equality; (c) mutual responsibilities in society; (1) distributive justice; (e)balanced and beneficent use of the ‘bounty of God’; (f) limited sovereignty of people in society; (g) principle of co-existence; (h) freedom of conscience. The above criteria provides a positive motivation for economic activity. For economists. Conceptual. Based on primary sources. Documented.