Describes exploitative land-tenure practices in pre-Islam days. Argues for the private ownership of land with provision for regulation of its use, rent and taxes. Explains saiient features of the land tenure system in Islam. Describes different forms of land tenancies in Islam such as ijara, mudaraba, musharaka, muscaqat and maniha. Gives some policy suggestions. Based on primary and secondary sources. Documented. Descriptive. For Muslim economists.